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New Observable

New Observable

Up to this point, we have used the fromEvent() function to create a new Observable. We can use several creation operators (or functions) to create Observables.

However, we can also use the constructor() function of the Observable class to create a new Observable. Let's look at an example.

import { Observable } from 'rxjs';

/* create a new observable, providing the observer. */
const observable: Observable<string> = new Observable((subscriber) => {
  const interval = setInterval(() => {'Hello from Observableland!');
  }, 2000);

  // teardown
  return () => {

/* Subscribe to Notifications. */
observable.subscribe((value) => console.log(value));

See the example on CodeSandbox

Before we explain, let's have a look at the constructor() function signature:

constructor(subscribe?: (this: Observable<T>, subscriber: Subscriber<T>) => TeardownLogic)

Ok, let's review how to create a new Observable:

  • First, we new up the Observable class.
  • The constructor() function requires a subscribe function that is invoked with a subscriber and returns the TeardownLogic interface.
  • The subscriber is an Observer that extends Subscription. Don't worry too much about this for now. We'll learn more about Observers and Subscriptions.
  • What is essential to understand is that the Subscriber class has a next() method. This method emits a next notification to all observers (or consumers/subscribers) of the Observable.
  • The Subscriber returns any teardown logic, which can be function that is invoked when the number of Observers goes from 1 to 0.
  • In our example, we use the setInternal() function to create an interval every 2 seconds.
  • We invoke the next() method on the Subscriber instance, providing a simple string value.
  • We then return the teardown function that will clear the interval.
  • With our new Observable defined, we invoke the subscribe() method, providing the next function that is invoked with the next notification value(s).